13. Measurement of non uniformity of tension and diagnostics of defects of a sheet of flock printing material
E. Kibirkštis2, N. Buškuvienė3, V. Miliūnas4, S. Havenko5,
1, 2, 3, 4Kaunas University of
Technology, Department of Graphic Communication Engineering,
5Ukrainian Academy of Printing, Podgolosko str. 19, 79020, Lvov, Ukraine
6Kaunas University of Technology, K. Donelaičio str. 20, LT-44239 Kaunas, Lithuania
7Vytautas Magnus University, Vileikos str. 8, LT-44404 Kaunas, Lithuania
E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
(Received 30 April 2013; accepted 7 June 2013)
Abstract. Non uniformity of tension of flock printing material in the printing device decreases the quality of printed images. In order to reduce this non uniformity of tension a method based on the analysis of the shape of the first eigenmode of vibrations is proposed. Also when defect in the flock printing material takes place, it is important to perform its diagnostics as soon as possible. This is also performed from the distorted shape of the first eigenmode of vibrations obtained by using time averaged projection moiré. For this purpose not only the first eigenmode is to be used, but for some types of defects located in specific places of the sheet of flock printing material the analysis of several first eigenmodes is required. It is assumed that a sheet of flock material is an elastic layer with the elastic modulus and the density linearly varying in the thickness direction and having zero values on the lower plane. The square sheet of flock material is analyzed. On the upper plane of the lower and upper boundaries all the displacements are assumed equal to zero, except on the upper plane of the upper boundary linear variation of the displacement in the direction of the y axis is assumed. The first eigenmodes are determined and investigated. Investigation of vibrations of flock material by taking the layer of glue and separate flocks into account by using a two dimensional model is performed. This model is used for the determination of parameters of the previous model. It is assumed that flock material consists from a number of narrow two dimensional elastic strips and their upper parts are connected by an elastic layer. The first eigenmodes are determined and investigated. Experimental investigations of the eigenmodes of vibrations have been performed. The obtained experimental results show satisfactory agreement with the numerical ones. The obtained results are used in the process of design of packages made from flock material.
Keywords: measurement of non uniformity of tension, diagnostics of defects, printing device, vibrations, sheet, flock material, eigenmodes, layer of glue, two dimensional elasticity, experimental investigation, experimental setup.
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Cite this article
Gegeckienė L., Kibirkštis E., Buškuvienė N., Miliūnas V., Havenko S., Sudintas A., Ragulskis L. Measurement of non uniformity of tension and diagnostics of defects of a sheet of flock printing material. Journal of Measurements in Engineering, Vol. 1, Issue 2, 2013, p. 78‑85.
Journal of Measurements in
Engineering. June 2013, Volume 1, Issue 2